Cricket is a modern day sport performed between two teams. Every workforce has eleven players. The game is performed on an oval or spherical formed ground which has an oblong 22 yard long pitch on the center. One staff bats to attain as many runs as possible. The opposite staff stops the run circulation by dismissing the batsmen. A run is scored when a batsman hits the ball with his bat, runs to opposite end of pitch and touches the crease there without being dismissed.
There are three formats of the game:
a) Test Cricket
b) One Day Cricket
The oldest type of cricket is Test Cricket. The game of cricket really developed with Test Cricket. Records show that first ever test match was played between Australia and England in the year 1876-77. The game of cricket has come a protracted way since then. The foundations have changed a lot. A test match is performed over a period of 5 days with every workforce batting and bowling twice. Maximum over that can be bowled in a day is 90 while there is no limit on the number of over a single bowler can bowl. Over 2000 test matches have been played till date.
There are 9 test taking part in nations which are full members of International Cricket Council – The Worldwide Cricket Governing body. These members are Australia, Bangladesh, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka and West Indies.
One Day Worldwide
Limited over cricket was introduced in England within the year 1963. Internationally, the first limited over game was played in the yr 1971. One game is played in one day. A bowler can bowl a most of 10 over’s in a game. In 1975, a new tournament known as World cup came into existence. All International Cricket Council members gathered at one place for a series of matches in opposition to every other. The winners of tournament were termed as World Champions.
World cup is performed after every four years. ICC has performed 10 world cups until date. Australia became champions four occasions, West Indies and India twice while Pakistan and Sri Lanka once. The final world cup was held in the yr 2011 and was won by India.
The latest evolution in the game of cricket is twenty-twenty. Here, every crew performs 20 overs and a bowler can bowl a maximum of 4 overs. First international Twenty-twenty game was performed within the year 2005 between Australia and New Zealand. First twenty-twenty world cup was held in 2007. The tournament is performed every two years and twenty-twenty world champions are crowned. 20 international groups have played the game until date.
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